Untuk menulis artikel, Anda dapat menggunakan outline untuk membuat pekerjaan efisien. Berikut ini adalah outline yang bisa Anda guanakan. Bagian penting dalam artikel adalah intruduction, result and discussion, dan conclution. Adan perlu menjawab sebelum membuat outline.
Mengapa kamu meneliti itu? Apa motivasi utama dan hipotesisnya
B. Results and Discussion
Apa hasilnya? Bagaimana isi dan karakteristiknya?
Apa itu semua berarti? Apa hipotesis diterima atau ditolak? Mengapa itu berbeda?
Berikut ini adalah outline dari
Do not write an abstract. That can be done when the paper
The first paragraph or two should be written out complete
ly. Pay particular attention to the opening sentence. Ideally, it
should state concisely the objective of the work, and indicate
why this objective is important.
In general, the Introduction should have these elements:
• The objectives of the work.
• The justification for these objectives: Why is the work im
• Background: Who else has done what? How? What have
we done previously?
• Guidance to the reader: What should the reader watch for
in the paper? What are the interesting high points? What
strategy did we use?
• Summary/conclusion: What should the reader expect as
conclusion? In advanced versions of the outline, you
should also include all the sections that will go in the
Experimental section (at the level of paragraph subhead
ings) and indicate what information will go in the Micro
5. Results and Discussion
TIle results and discussion are usually combined. This sec
tion should be organized according to major topics. TIle sepa
rate parts should have subheadings in boldface to make this
organization clear, and to help the reader scan through the
final text to find the parts of interest. The following list
includes examples of phrases that might plausibly serve as
• Synthesis of Alkane Thiols
• Characterization of Monolayers
• Absolute Configuration of the Vicinal Diol Unit
• Hysteresis Correlates with Roughness of the Surface
• Dependence of the Rate Constant on Temperature
• The Rate of Self-Exchange Decreases with the Polarity of
Try to make these section headings as specific and infom,a
tion-rich as possible. For example, the phrase “The Rate of
Self-Exchange Decreases with The Polarity of The Solvent” is
obviously longer than “Measurement of Rates”, but much
more useful to the reader. In general, try to cover the major
• Synthesis of starting materials
• Characterization of products
• Methods of characterization
• Methods of measurement
• Results (rate constants, contact angles, whatever)
In the outline, do not write any significant amount of text,
but get all the data in their proper place: Any text should sim
ply indicate what will go in that section.
• Section Headings
• Figures (with captions)
• Schemes (with captions and footnotes)
• Tables (correctly formatted)
Remember to think of a paper as a collection of experimen
tal results, summarized as clearly and economically as possible
in figures, tables, equations, and schemes. The text in the
paper serves just to explain the data, and is secondary. The
more information can be compressed into tables, equations,
etc., the shorter and more readablc the paper will be.
In the outline, summarize the conclusions of the paper as a
list of short phrases or sentences. Do not repeat what is in the
Results section, unless special emphasis is needed. The Con
clusions section should be just that, and not a summary. It
should add a new, higher level of analysis, and should indicate
explicitly the significance of the work.
Include, in the correct order to correspond to the order in
the Results section, all of the paragraph subheadings of the